Latin names

of perennial vegetables and other plants used in polycultures

It was pointed out to me some time ago that it was hard for readers from non English speaking countries to identify the plants I write about unless I also included Latin names.  Rather than write them each time I mention a plant I have prepared the following table to refer to – with apologies that it has taken such a long time.

These are all plants that I have grown (or tried to grow); they are mostly referred to on this blog, although some may not be specifically mentioned.  They are mainly perennial vegetables, but some may be more conventional vegetables traditionally grown as annuals that I grow differently.  There are also herbs and non edible wild flowers. Here they are in alphabetical order of the English names:

English Name Latin Name
Asparagus Asparagus officinalis
Babington Leek Allium ampeloprasum babingtonii
Bee Balm Monarda species
Buckler Leaved Sorrel Rumex scutatus
Cardoon Cynara cardunculus
Chicory Cichorium intybus
Chinese Artichoke Stachys affinis
Chinese Kale Brassica oleracea alboglabra
Chives Allium schoenoprasum
Cleavers Galium aparine
Clover Trifolium species
Comfrey Symphytum officinale
Creeping Jenny Lysimachia nummularia
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale
Daubenton’s Kale Brassica oleracea var. Ramosa
Day Lily Hemerocallis
Dwarf Curly Kale Brassica oleracea acephela
Earth Nut Pea Lathyrus tuberosus
Everlasting Onion Allium cepa ‘Perutile’
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare
Feverfew Tanacetum parthenium
Few Flowered Leek Allium paradoxum
Garlic Allium sativum
Garlic Chives Allium tuberosum
Good King Henry Chenopodium bonus-henricus
Groundnut Apios Americana
Hairy Bittercress Cardamine hirsuta
Hop Humulus lupulus
Ivy Hedera helix
Jerusalem Artichoke Helianthus tuberosus
King’s Spear Asphodeline lutea
Lamb’s Lettuce Valerianella locusta
Land Cress Barbarea verna
Leek Allium porrum
Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis
Lovage Levisticum officinale
Mashua Tropaeolum tuberosum
Maximillian Sunflower Helianthus maximiliani
Miner’s Lettuce Claytonia perfoliata
Mint Mentha species
Nine Star Perennial Broccoli Brassica oleracea botrytis asparagoides
Nodding Wild Onion Allium cernuum
Oca Oxalis tuberosa
Perennial Lettuce Lactuca perennis
Perpetual Leek /

Poireau perpétuel (Fr)

Allium porrum
Pig Nut Conopodium majus
Purple Sprouting Broccoli Brassica oleracea
Salad Burnet Sanguisorba minor
Savoy Cabbage Brassica oleracea sabauda
Scorzonera Scorzonera hispanica
Sea Beet Beta vulgaris maritima
Sea Holly Eryngium maritimum
Sea Kale Crambe maritima
Shallots Allium cepa aggregatum
Skirret Sium sisarum
Sorrel Rumex acetosa
Spinach Spinacia oleracea
Spinach ‘Perpetual’ /

Spinach Beet

Beta vulgaris var. Vulgaris
Spring Onions Allium cepa
Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica
Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica
Sweet Cicely Myrrhis odorata
Three Cornered Leek Allium triquetrum
Thyme Thymus species
Tiger Nut Cyperus esculentus
Tree Onion Allium cepa proliferum
Violet Viola species
Walking Stick Kale Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group)
Welsh Onion Allium fistulosum
Wild Cabbage Brassica oleracea
Wild Garlic Allium ursinum
Wild Marjoram Oreganum vulgare
Wild Rocket Eruca sativa
Wild strawberry Fragaria species
Wood Sorrel Oxalis acetosella
Yacon Polymnia edulis
Yam, Chinese Dioscorea batatas
Yam, Japanese Dioscorea japonica
Yarrow Achillea millefolium

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